November is the last month of autumn. A month with the low temperatures, that prepare us for the coming of winter. A month that is accompanied by a lot of rainfall, that can make it difficult for us to do the required work in the garden. Surely, we will find some days with good weather and sunshine to engage in our favorite hobby of gardening. This season, we put fertilizer on flowers, ornamental shrubs and houseplants for the last time before the arrival of winter.
November is the right month to enrich our garden soil, using conditioners such as manure, compost and green manure. In this way, we supply the soil with nutrients so that we can plant vegetables and ornamental plants in early spring. In November, we have one last chance to plant our favorite autumn flower bulbs that give us colorful flowers in late winter and early spring. Also, during this period, in all regions of the country, growers have begun harvesting olive trees for the production of olive oil, this valuable food product.
And of course, do not forget to prepare and procure the appropriate materials that will help us deal with frost, wind and snow next winter. We should make a flexible planning because of the unpredictable weather conditions. That way we can take care of our plants, and enjoy a beautiful garden with healthy plants and rich harvest.
Season to harvest fresh fruits and vegetables
In November, from the fruit trees of the garden, we harvest crispy apples, as well as the first juicy sweet tangerines, without Clementine seeds or Nova tangerines. We also enjoy the navel-bearing oranges of the Navelina and New Hall varieties.
This season, we enjoy aromatic grapefruits and from their skin we will make a wonderful dessert. We also cut pomegranates and the necessary lemons for our cooking. And do not forget to pick the first avocado fruits with high nutritional value. From the vegetables in our garden, we cut the last cucumbers and zucchini from the late summer planting, as well as large pumpkins. Finally, we remove from the soil in early November the sweet potatoes that we had planted in early summer.
Finally, we pick the first cabbages, cauliflower, turnips and broccoli. From leafy vegetables we have fresh lettuce, spinach, radishes, celery, endives and celery. From the underground bulbs we get beetroot and carrots, that we had planted at the end of the summer.
Improving the soil of our garden
Meaning garden work, is a good time to improve the soil of our garden. Also to prepare the soil for spring planting, by enriching it with nutrients and organic matter. Specifically, we incorporate fresh manure in large quantities. That way we gradually extinguish the winter period, until the beginning of spring and also not to create burns on our plants. The addition of compost will help even more in the enrichment of the soil with nutrients. But also in the improvement of water retention.
An excellent way to improve the soil of our garden in November, to enrich it with nitrogen but also to reduce unwanted weeds (weeds) is to make green fertilizer, ie to plant the appropriate plants that will supply the soil with valuable nutrients. .
Specifically, with the first rains, we can plant legumes such as vetch, broad beans, lithouri, lupine, peas, soybeans, alfalfa and clover as well as grains such as barley, wheat and oats. So, we will be ready to plant our spring vegetable garden there in a fertile soil that will ensure a rich production.
Last fertilizations before winter during garden work
In garden work, we do the last fertilizations with granular fertilizers on the ornamental plants of our garden. Also, on the flowers, on the evergreen ornamental shrubs and trees. We apply similar liquid fertilizers to the indoor plants that we have inside the house.It should be noted that during the winter, we avoid putting fertilizer on the plants. Due to frost, they can not absorb nutrients.
If the addition of fertilizer causes the growth of new tender vegetation, it can be burned and damaged due to the cold of winter. Avoid applying fertilizer to deciduous fruit shrubs such as bilberry, raspberry and gooseberry. Also to deciduous fruit trees such as apple, pear, fig, fig and peach cultivation. Gradually begin to shed their leaves to enter the dormancy of winter. We avoid fertilizing climbing plants such as vines and bougainvillea and deciduous ornamental trees such as plum and ornamental mulberry.
Planting autumn flowers and bulbs
We continue in the month of November, to get from the nurseries and to plant flowers that bloom in autumn. How about chrysanthemums with their beautiful daisy-shaped flowers or their favorite azaleas with their striking flowers. Also, we can plant cyclamen with the glossy dark green leaves in the shape of a heart and flowers in shades of pink, purple, red and white. And of course the durable pansies that are kept in the winter are an excellent choice for the pots and planters of our balcony.
Also, in garden work, is the season when autumn flower bulbs are planted. And what to choose first? Start with aromatic freesias and hyacinths or prefer impressive irises, amaryllis and virgin. And of course a category alone are the adored tulips that give us their flowering at the end of winter. Autumn bulbs are planted in sunny or semi-shady places. Usually in sheltered places, as their flowers are sensitive to strong winds.
Harvesting the olives to extract olive oil
This is the month for olive harvest, a work that has started in most of the olive-growing areas of the country. The moment when the color of the olive fruit turns green-purple and gradually darkens. Early olive oil, the well-known to all fresh one, has a strong fruity aroma. Due to its high phenol content, it is characterized by strong antioxidant properties. We must point out that the delayed harvest of olives, gives us lower quality olive oil in terms of organoleptic characteristics.
At the same time, it may cause a reduction in the fruiting of olive trees for next year. When harvesting olives, we should avoid pruning and pruning olive trees in rainy weather and high humidity conditions. This should be done as wounds are created on the branches of olive trees. There is a risk of infection by various pathogens such as olive carcinoma. After the olive trees are harvested, we should spray them with organic copper. This preparation is essential for the treatment of various fungal diseases and for the maintenance of healthy olive trees.
Protect the plants for the winter
In November, it’s the right time to prepare for the coming winter. We take measures so that our plants are not destroyed. This means protecting them from the cold, frost, snow and strong winds. We procure in time using special windbreaks and antifreeze fabrics. Also, anything else we could use as material to protect our plants from low temperatures. During this period, we will need support piles to support the young trees, fruitful or not.
We should tie them so as to protect them from the strong winter winds. Finally, we supply seaweed extract from agricultural stores. This is a special biological fertilizer that helps protect plants from frost. The spraying on the foliage of the plants as the watering with algae extract helps significantly in the stimulation of the plants in the unfavorable conditions of the coming winter.
Putting all this tips together and you will manage to keep alive and healthy your garden plants for the autumn. This way you will reduce your efforts next year for beautiful flowers and plants in your home.