The correct way to install a gutter system

The correct way to install a gutter system

The correct way to install a gutter system


In this article we are gonna to present you the correct way to install a gutter system. One of the key steps in arranging a home drainage system is the gutter one. Without taking into consideration to install one, it is impossible to protect the facade of our buildings from rain and also water that flows when the snow melts.

The proper installation of gutters

The main points when designing a gutter system is the question about how to equip the gutter system, something that must be decided at the construction design stage. Remember that when performing our calculations, we should always be guided by the requirements of the current SNiPa 2.04.01-85. This approach will allow, taking into account all the nuances, to correctly choose the best design option.

The main points to be followed when designing a gutter system:

  • Having made a copy of the roof design, draw a drawing of the location of the drainage elements.
  • Calculate the total area of ​​the roof and all its slopes separately, taking into account the adjacent vertical walls.
  • Based on the indication of the intensity of rainfall in the area, determine the performance of the system.
  • According to the values ​​obtained, determine the diameter of the assembled bottom pipes, the number and cross section of the drainage hoppers, as well as their frequency along the wall of the building.

The result should be a system that is capable of collecting and draining the maximum amount of liquid.

During the design stage, it is important to determine the position of the lifts, so that they do not violate the external composition. They are most often placed in the corners of our buildings, but it is quite acceptable to equip them in a place created by the window bay.
If the drain pipe from the gutters is to be emptied into the blind area, the elevators should be removed as much as possible from the entrances to the basements, the ventilation outlets in the basement and the sidewalks near the house.

The components of the roof gutter system

The gutter system consists of two groups of parts, the horizontal and the vertical drainage parts. Together they are almost about twelve types of building blocks, each of which performs the task assigned to it.
The structural elements of the sewerage system are:

  • drain pipes – key operating system components designed to carry masses of water from the roof
  • gutters – narrow water collection and redirection channels
  • pipes – the conical sockets at the top of the pipe are designed to collect, delay and drain water flowing down the gutters
  • knee – structures in the form of small bent pipe sections are installed to change the direction of water flow
  • brackets – fasteners for fixing the gutter to the roof
  • seals – additional elements provide resistance to fastening to the joints
  • clamps – fasteners for fixing the structure to the facade of the building

When building a gutter system on large sloping roofs, additional guide rails are installed. Their main purpose of them is to reduce the flow rate of the water along the surface of the roof. The shape of the gutters and brackets can be any. There are products in the market that can be round and semicircular. Also, U-shaped and trapezoidal sections.

Gutters differ in the way they attach to the arm. The easiest way is to install the type of systems that require fixing with a simple button. The rotating latches included in the package provide you with the opportunity to disassemble part of the gutter with little effort, in case that it is necessary to replace or carry out the repair work.

Drainage hoppers are universal, so they can be installed in any place in the sewer system. Gutters used to cover the gutters are available in two versions: left and right.
The connection of the drainage pipes and water outlets from the base of the building is something that can not be done without the use of elbows. Their number is determined by the fact that for each drain pipe, installation requires three elbows: one at the bottom and two at the top.

The use of clamps is to fasten the gutter structure into the facade of the building. For metal water pipes, we select connectors with screw elements and a long hairpin. For PVC one’s, we select plastic clips with two support points.

Hardware type options

The price of the sewer system can depend on many factors, one of which is the construction material. The market nowdays offers us many options about the materials that you can choose when arranging a sewer system. The choice largely depends on the appearance of the building and the aesthetic ideas of its owner. Products widely used in gutter systems are polymers and metal.

Each species has its advantages and disadvantages:


It is lightweight, durable and at the same time quite easy to process material. At a low price, it shows excellent functional parameters. The installation of PVC gutters does not cause particular difficulties.

Galvanized steel

Stronger and more durable material than polymer. To give the product a more visible appearance, the manufacturers coat the steel with a polymer coating


Lightweight and easy to use material, whose lifespan reaches over half a century.


The copper systems are beautiful and durable, but at the same time it is quite an expensive metal. It is vulnerable to the harmful effects of electrolyte vapors. To minimize the risk, all components of the system must be made of one material.

General instructions

The use of polyvinyl chloride is to make the ingredients much lighter than the metal. This makes it possible to install brackets with a smaller cross section, without losing the mechanical strength of the construction. But when installing PVC structures, linear variations in dimensions must be taken into account.

Compensatory joints allow key components of the system to shorten and lengthen without the risk of deformation. They are also used in the installation of metal gutters, although they have much less thermal expansion. EPDM rubber acts as a material for making seals. It is a modern analog rubber. To further protect the rubber and simplify the installation process, the sealants are additionally treated with silicone grease.

Gutters produce sections of one to four meters. They come in rectangular and round sections. In their performance, this does not appear. The choice is limited only by the design solution of the sewer system and the design solution of the facade of the house. When buying gutter pipes made of polymeric materials, keep in mind that they have the same diameter along the entire length. Therefore, to connect them, you will need to use special connectors, which entails additional costs.


See more areas Montclair Roofing serves:

Cedar Grove Roofers
Clifton Roofers
Glen Ridge Roofers
Little Falls Roofers

How does heating oil burner work?

How does heating oil burner work?

How does heating oil burner work?

The system of oil burner is based on the circulation of water, which is heated in the boiler and transferred with the circulator to the radiators, as the company καυστήρες Μπότης explain us. Radiators transmit heat from the water to the home environment. So the water cools and goes down to the boiler, where it is reheated to circulate again and repeat the same process.

These facilities are basically the oil boiler (boiler), where the water coming from the bodies is heated and the burner that gives the necessary fire, using oil as fuel. There is also the flue , which leads the flue gases from the boiler to the base of the chimney and of course the hot and cold water pipes, which are connected to the boiler and the expansion tank, located inside the boiler room or on the roof.

What is an oil boiler and what is a burner?

The oil boiler is probably the most important part of a central heating system with oil, gas or LPG, as it is the one that gives the heat generated by the combustion to the water circulating in the pipes and heats it.

The burner, of course, is the medium that burns the various fuels to produce heat.

Boilers are distinguished in cast iron and steel in terms of their construction material, in wall or floor (in terms of how to connect gas and LPG boilers), while in recent years has emerged a new category related to the technology they use and are the condensing boilers.

How heating oil boiler works?

The oil burner is controlled by automation. In order to start its operation, its electronics must receive an electrical command (phase) from the thermostat of the boiler panel. When this is done then the following happens in turn:

The electronic commands the burner motor. This starts to spin and with it the impeller and the oil pump start to spin. This takes a while to happen in burners with a pre heater. The oil must first be heated in the burner oil pipe and then the above processes must begin.

The transformer starts working and a spark is created at the end of the electrodes above the nozzle. In some burners this happens when the electromagnetic oil valve opens and the injector starts spraying oil.

After a few seconds (2 to 15 depending on the type of burner) and as long as there is no flame in the burner, the oil solenoid valve opens. A certain amount of fuel is now pressed towards the injector). This is how the oil is sprayed and mixed with the air already provided by the impeller. This air-oil mixture is ignited by the electrode spark.

The photocell now receives the light of the flame and after a few seconds commands (via the electronic) to stop the transformer, while the burner continues to operate.
When the power supply to the electronics is cut off because the room thermostat or the burner thermostat from the boiler panel or for another reason commands, the burner stops working. In other words, the engine stops and the electromagnetic oil valve closes.

Why is it necessary to maintain the burner – oil boiler?

A well-maintained and well-regulated burner-boiler system increases the overall thermal efficiency of the installation.
Reduces fuel consumption by up to 50%. Increases the life of the burner-boiler system and reduces the chances of serious damage. Maintenance costs are not very high and are amortized by the oil savings achieved by the smooth operation of the burner.

Maintaining the heating system ensures the safety of both you and your children. The appropriate period for the maintenance of the burner – oil boiler. The maintenance period of the oil boiler-burner complex begins with the end of the winter season (April to May).

Thus, you protect the boiler from corrosion since the corrosive deposits are removed in time while at the same time the quality of the work is definitely much better since the installer-maintainer ( burners ) during this period has the possibility of better planning of his working time.

The main tasks in the maintenance of the burner – oil boiler

Cleaning and maintenance of the burner and oil boiler

  1. Appropriate burner settings for fuel economy and emission minimization
  2. Exhaust gas control
  3. Circulator control
  4. Automation control
  5. Checking the good operation
  6. Replacement of spare parts when necessary
  7. Burner – oil boiler

How long does a maintenance take?

In simple cases the maintenance of a burner – oil boiler up to 150000kcal can take from forty minutes to an hour.

Repair and maintenance

During the maintenance process of the individual household boiler – oil burner , the following workgroups will be performed (indicatively mentioned):

Burner cleaning – oil boiler Combustion chamber, ash

Cleaning – maintenance of a burner – oil boiler , is one of the tasks that must be done before turning on the central heating.

  1. Initial installation, maintenance – replacement & operation of oil burner.
  2. Cleaning of the heating inner surface (combustion chamber) and the air ducts in the oil boiler.

Boiler cleaning is done with special wire brushes which detach the residues from the flame chamber and the flame tubes of the boiler. Residues are removed with a high-efficiency vacuum cleaner.

  1. Dry cleaning of oil boiler for water or boilers.
  2. Dry cleaning of oil boiler from ash, soot & combustion residues.

Inspection and cleaning of burner components Nozzles, pins, tamper

An oil boiler burner consists of a set of components and instruments that are mounted on the burner body and must be inspected by qualified technicians.

  1. Restoration of the thermal insulation of the outer surface of the boiler and the piping of the boiler room.
  2. Service – Inspection and cleaning of components in burner – oil boiler.
  3. Cleaning or replacing the nozzle (fuel injector) in an oil burner.
  4. Cleaning the pins or ignition pin on an oil burner.
  5. Adjustment in the air tamper (for intake air for mixing with oil).
  6. Cleaning and measuring an oil pump in an oil boiler burner.

Filters and oil tank leak control and cleaning

The oil tank is one of the most important elements of a central heating installation (oil boiler). The oil filter is placed on the supply line from the tank to the burner.

  • Check, clean or replace filters and gasket in oil boiler.
  • Cleaning the oil tank from rust, mud, water (after evacuation).
  • Check the oil piping from the tank to the burner.
  • Leakage check in the oil pump (tightening of the nuts, replacement in flanges).
  • Leakage and altitude difference check in the oil tank.
  • Installation in the oil tank combustion improvers – injector cleaners.

See more areas that Καυστήρες Μπότης serves:

11 Roof insulation advantages

Gikas Roofing- roof repair

Gikas Roofing- roof repair


11 Roof insulation advantages

With the insulation of the roof , Gikas Roofing succeed in giving a definitive solution to the often occurring problems of thermal insulation, inflow of water – moisture, cracked & broken tiles in your roof.

Advantages of Roof Insulation:

  1. Final solution to rainwater inflow: Absolute sealing of the roofs is ensured.
  2. Energy saving: Reduce bills for heating and cooling your home and therefore quickly pay off your investment.
  3. Reduction of outside roof temperature up to 50%.
  4. Reduction of internal building temperature up to 25%.
  5. Complete renovation of the roof: Your Tile Roof will become like new and will remain new for a long time.
  6. Quick system implementation: The repair / renovation is completed in a very short time.
  7. Due to its fast application, it can be applied in almost all seasons.
  8. Earthquake protection – Static: Minimal weight added to the building.
  9. Very low cost of thermal and waterproofing: You do not need to remove your defective tiled roof or roof.
  10. No special planning permission is required.
  11. Written multi-year warranty

Roofs can be thermally insulated either:

  • entirely externally or,
  • entirely internally

The first case consists mainly of construction while the second repair. In both cases there is a need for ventilation to prevent condensation.

Types of roofing

In the thermal insulation of roofs we distinguish the wooden and the sloping concrete roofs. Depending on the type of tile used (nailed / laced or muddy), the final choice of the configuration of the final receiving surface of the tiles is made. Roofs under which people usually live or work are considered warm roofs. In this case the thermal insulation is done either externally or internally on the sloping surface of the roof. In the case where there is a horizontal slab between the roof space and the living space, with limited traffic, then the roof is characterized as cold. In this case the thermal insulation is done on the horizontal plate. Thermal insulation materials intended for the thermal insulation of sloping roofs must have properties suitable for the application, such as:

  • Low coefficient of thermal conductivity, to use the smallest possible thickness of material.
  • Resistance to water vapor permeability, to reduce the risk of water vapor condensation in the contact area of ​​the concrete element and insulating material, when the latter is placed internally.
  • Ease of handling in terms of weight, dimensions, mechanical strength and the way the material is fastened.
  • Ease of cutting, shaping and adapting to the shapes of the roof elements.
  • Possibility of good assembly of the pieces of insulating material, in order to avoid the thermal bridges and the lines of condensation of water vapor in its joints.

Roofs covered with muddy tiles

For the thermal insulation of roofs made of reinforced concrete slabs, it is recommended to install thermal insulation on the upper side.

Gikas Roofing engineer who will study the thermal insulation of a roof covered with muddy (“swimming“) tiles, must take into account three factors that determine the correct construction:

  • First, it will determine if the slope of the roof and the type of tiles he has chosen can ensure the desired degree of water tightness. Otherwise, choose the location and type of sealing layer to be used, i.e coating material or sealing sheets.
  • Second, it will protect the roof from the dangers of slipping and wind suction of its coatings.
  • Third, it will address the problem of thermal stress of the tile mud on a high-performance insulating material.

Indicatively, the series of works for the thermal insulation of a roof that does not need additional sealing is described:

  • Smoothing of the reinforced concrete slab.
  • Manufacture of boxing beams of insulating material.
  • Installation and welding of insulation on the concrete slab with suitable asphalt adhesives special for extruded polystyrene slabs or polyurethane adhesive insulation.
  • Fastening a light mesh on the insulation with hairpins and anchoring it to its perimeter boxing beams.
  • Mud and laying of tiles.
  • Gutter construction.

Classic way for nailed tiles

The thermal insulation of the roof, done with a system efficient and suitable for traditional types of roofing materials, allows a significant reduction of energy losses of the building. If applied to the structure, the thermal insulation also performs an important protective function in relation to the structure itself, especially when it is made of wood. In most cases and for sloping roofs (wooden or beech), wooden beams and poles are used in a formation, so that there is ventilation with an intermediate empty part. The distance between the bars is usually 315 mm, for the use of the most common nailed tiles, for the use of the most common nailed tiles.

  • Ready for easy cutting by hand every 315mm.
  • It has a direct and accurate application in the predetermined dimensions between the rafters and the rafters.
  • Significantly reduces application time and grout, while offering greater thermal insulation protection.

Finally, the roof is tiled following the known construction methods.

Unused attics

In buildings where the attic is not used for roofing purpose, thermal insulation can be done by placing an insulating layer on the surface of the top floor. In this case, insulation will be used, which will offer an excellent continuation of the insulating layer, simple to install and unaffected by moisture and water-coagulation-melting alternations.

Read more about Gikas Roofing in Montclair:

6 Awesome Painting Combinations For Your Bedroom

Montclair Painting- MONTCLAIR PAINTERS

Montclair Painting- MONTCLAIR PAINTERS


6 Awesome Painting Combinations For Your Bedroom

Choosing the best painting combinations is the first thing you need to consider when redesigning your bedroom or any room on your apartment. It is important to make sure that you have found the right painting combination that will make your interior bedroom look elegant, modern and harmonious.

Montclair Painting suggest you some impressive color combinations for your bedroom. Once you choose the right colors for you, you will probably end up spending a lot more time there!


Painting a Children’s bedroom

Do you want to paint your child’s bedroom? Need to find the right colors? We can give a spark of creativity and choose the right colors that fit perfectly in your children’s room.

The best colors for a children’s bedroom

Ask the children to choose paint colors for their room, so that you can let them express their unique personality. Keep three walls in neutral tones and let them choose their favorite color for a separate wall. This makes it easy to renovate the space in the future.

The right painting product

A child’s room is the playground in the house, which means that cleaning is frequent! We choose from the high quality low odor products we use which will offer you a durable and absorbent finish.

The right finish

Choose a satin or semi-gloss finish in color in your child’s bedroom, as these are the easiest to clean.

Contact Montclair painting to make a bedroom as your child dreams!


Child’s bedroom painting and allergies

Allergies are a common condition that affects almost everyone at some point in their lives but mostly children. An allergic reaction is the result of an overreaction of the immune system to an unknown particle or substance. Dye allergies can result from inhaling strong vapors or coming into contact with the skin. Allergy sufferers can use preventative and therapeutic strategies to treat an allergic reaction to the dye.

Wall painting and allergies

Allergens are foreign substances that cause an immune reaction known as allergies in some, but not all people. Pollen, dust, mold and animal odor are typical allergens. People also develop allergies to certain foods, medicines and chemicals. If you suffer from extreme food allergies, you must be very careful about every ingredient in your meals. Allergic reactions include runny nose, cough and sneezing, urticaria, rash and itching. A severe reaction can be life-threatening because the swollen tissue blocks the victim from breathing.

Paint fumes

All colors produce fumes that create not only chemical odors in the air, but also an allergic reaction in many people. Cough, runny nose, sore throat and congestion are common reactions to dye fumes. Patients may also experience itchy and watery eyes. Oil-based household paints have many volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which are known to be allergenic, but even water-based paints can cause reactions in some people. A study by the Harvard School of Public Medicine and Kalstad University in Sweden links high rates of asthma, eczema and congestion in children to the chemicals found in water-based paints.

Contact with paint

In addition to inhalation, physical contact is the most common means by which allergy sufferers are exposed to allergens. People who experience reactions to touch often develop contact dermatitis, a localized skin irritation that includes a rash or discolored skin, itching, and sometimes blisters. Swelling and burning are also typical symptoms of skin allergies. The most effective way to repel skin reactions to dye is to wear adequate clothing and gloves.

Allergy solutions

Paint manufacturers continue to develop products that can be used by allergy sufferers without fear of causing reactions and household paints that produce minimal VOCs are available for sale. If you have to work with non-hypoallergenic paints, take precautions. A mask reduces the inhalation of fumes, while the sleeves and long pants prevent skin contact. Seal the painted areas and open the windows for better ventilation. If you start to have an allergic reaction to the paint, leave the area and go where you can breathe fresh air. Rinse irritated skin or eyes with water and apply a cool compress to the swelling if necessary. Rinse with warm salt water to relieve sore throat.

Read more about painting areas in Montclair:

Why you should hire a professional house painter?

Gikas painting in Montclair

Gikas painting in Montclair

Having to carry out work inside your home can in some cases be a source of stress. Many people decide to do some types of home repairs themselves. It must be considered that in many cases the figure of the professional house painter will really be able to make a difference.

A professional painter of Gikas Painting in Montclair is a definition that must be verified and ascertained in person. Many, in fact, define themselves as professionals, but this may not be true, especially in some situations and for subjects who have been recommended through simple word of mouth.

There is a myriad of artisans on the market who carry out this profession, some of which are certainly valid but others, and many are not.

Mainly the painter does not need expensive material to carry out his business, which is why many are dedicated to this job; they initially improvise a means of transport, most of the time with the word of mouth, flyers or business cards randomly placed in the mailboxes and that’s it you can start working.

How to recognize a professional house painter

The professional is another thing entirely, first of all, not being a beginner, he does not need to make himself known on the market but possibly increase his clientele, secondly on his work there is the possibility of obtaining information or from acquaintances who have already made use of his performance or on the net, if you really don’t know anyone, in the various forums.

His work will therefore be appreciated and satisfactory by you.

Usually, you turn to a painter to paint your home or office and the choice of a professional is always the most appropriate.

The professional house painter will be able to work quickly without dirtying anywhere, the choice of materials to be used will be accurate and you can rely on him for any emergency retouching in the future, you will create an excellent collaboration relationship on which you can count.

The advantages of relying on a professional painter

Therefore, some advantages can be configured in relying on a professional painter. First of all, he will be a reliable subject, capable of correctly organizing his work and respecting deliveries. He will be able to carry out his duties without committing gross errors and will not leave you in need of a breakdown after a few days, perhaps due to the fact that he has been paid little.

In addition, he will have a network of useful knowledge, for example, to get to find the best materials and also to be able to apply competitive prices when you have to choose the paints for your apartment.

He will also be able to do everything in the light of day: a professional house painter, in fact, will issue you a receipt and present you with a quote that will be able to foresee all the necessary items of expenditure, without making you arrive at the end of the job expecting some nasty surprises. .

The disadvantages of relying on a professional house painter

While these are essentially the advantages of relying on a professional painter, there are also the negative aspects of entrusting the job to a professional painter, among which the cost of his labor, which will certainly be higher than the others and the waiting times in some cases quite long.

It should be considered that the professional painter, usually a craftsman has to bear considerable costs towards the taxman to carry out his profession, which is why his rate will be higher than those who usually work outside of any tax regime. Professionalism has a cost but the results are tangible and above all, since it is an asset dear to us, the choice should be oriented in this direction.

In fact, you should not seek maximum savings at all costs, but remember how professionalism should be rewarded.

In fact, every type of professional will have gained experience to reach a higher level at work, and you should always try to contact these subjects. Another disadvantage that you may encounter in turning to a professional painter, rather than a non-professional, could be that of timing. Those who work well, in fact, will certainly have a longer waiting list and could make you wait longer to start the work.

However, the very fact that so many people decide to rely on the painter of your choice should be a positive point to think about.

How to find a professional house painter

A professional house painter may seem like an evanescent figure, difficult to identify and to contact. However, this is often not quite true.

To find your professional painter you could use word of mouth, asking someone you know, who has recently done some painting work, to give you the contact of the person who took care of his house.

Moreover, often the professional painter will also be able to get some good publicity and you could, therefore, find him on different types of channels, from newspapers to other means of communication. Finally, paint factories and DIY stores could be a good starting point to find a professional painter who is right for you.


In my opinion, the advantages that you can derive by relying on this category are therefore greater, the choice is yours in any case and to be taken with all due caution and precautions.

I also do not exclude that there may be valid people even among non-professionals, however, turning to them is a decision that is up to you alone.

Professionals, in general, are trained and very important figures for our productivity to whom it is always good to contact and who will be at your complete disposal to meet your needs, therefore take them into good consideration and carefully evaluate all aspects before making a hasty decision.

Read more about Gikas Painting in Montclair

How much does it cost the exterior painting of a building?

Gikas Painting Service in Montclair

Gikas Painting Service in Montclair

Exterior painting of a house is one of the most important jobs that, if you are in an apartment building in Montclair, also generate a lot of discussions. If you are considering starting a renovation of the facade, this article is useful for you to understand how much it costs the exterior painting of a building  per square meter.

We will see the individual items that participate in the overall price. The price of the painting, of the chosen paint, and the cost of the monthly rental of the scaffolding per square meter.

When we talk about the costs of the exterior painting of a building we must pay attention to the additional items, as we will see in the course of the article. Other issues to consider are the tax deductions to redo the facade for a nice cost-saving.

Let’s start by seeing why the exterior painting of a building costs a lot. Last note, as an example we have taken a facade of a condominium building, but the assumptions are the same even in the case of the cost of renovating the facade of a villa or villa owned. To have a clear view of the prices, you must ask a construction company  like Gikas Painting Service for a quote.

Cost of scaffolding and facade renovation

Why are we talking about scaffolding? Because it is a very important cost item when having to redo a facade. If your building is very tall or also has façades that are difficult to reach, it is essential to understand the cost of the scaffolding for the façade or its alternatives. Generally, these costs are always included in a quote for facade renovation, but knowing them helps you to compare different quotes.

The rental of a scaffolding is expressed per month based on square meters. We can consider that the rental of a scaffolding to redo the facade or other construction work for a building cost from € 7 to € 15 per square meter in the first month, and then from € 1 to € 3 per square meter for the following months. The price of the scaffolding always includes transport, assembly, and disassembly. From this, you can understand why it costs so much the first month and after the others.

Cost of renovation of the facade of a building

Returning to the cost for the renovation of a facade of a building, a house, condominium, or even a villa, the average cost is between € 60 – € 80 per square meter. In many cases, it is also advisable to redo the thermal coat of the building. In this case, the price per square meter to redo the facade with thermal insulation is between € 80 – € 100 per square meter. With the thermal coat, you can take advantage of the 75% Ecobonus deduction to redo the facade.

The prices that we have displayed to redo an external facade include scaffolding, the restoration of the external plaster, the cementitious smoothing with mesh, the coating, the painting of the external parts of the balconies and if required, the thermal coat.

When you talk to a company, ask if you need to redo the external plinth of the facade as well. The plinth is the lower part of the facade and is used both to cover inaccurate cuts in the external floor and to prevent infiltration into the facade. Over time, even the external plinth of the facade can be damaged.

Cost of painting the external facade of the building

Even the prices for painting the exterior facade of the house can vary the overall cost. The facade of your building can be painted with quartz paints, lime paints for exteriors, silicates, siloxanes, etc.

The quartz paint is one of the most economic swings from € 6 to € 10 per sq m, while the silicate and siloxane are more expensive going from € 8 to € 13 per sq m.

Other expenses to consider in a quote

In addition to the labor costs, you have to consider the costs for safety about 10%, the cost of the construction manager about 4%, the director of safety 2%, the building administrator 1% -2%.

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November work for our garden

November work for our garden

November work for our garden

November is the last month of autumn. A month with the low temperatures, that prepare us for the coming of winter. A month that is accompanied by a lot of rainfall, that can make it difficult for us to do the required work in the garden. Surely, we will find some days with good weather and sunshine to engage in our favorite hobby of gardening. This season, we put fertilizer on flowers, ornamental shrubs and houseplants for the last time before the arrival of winter.

November is the right month to enrich our garden soil, using conditioners such as manure, compost and green manure. In this way, we supply the soil with nutrients so that we can plant vegetables and ornamental plants in early spring. In November, we have one last chance to plant our favorite autumn flower bulbs that give us colorful flowers in late winter and early spring. Also, during this period, in all regions of the country, growers have begun harvesting olive trees for the production of olive oil, this valuable food product.

And of course, do not forget to prepare and procure the appropriate materials that will help us deal with frost, wind and snow next winter. We should make a flexible planning because of the unpredictable weather conditions. That way we can take care of our plants, and enjoy a beautiful garden with healthy plants and rich harvest.

Season to harvest fresh fruits and vegetables

In November, from the fruit trees of the garden, we harvest crispy apples, as well as the first juicy sweet tangerines, without Clementine seeds or Nova tangerines. We also enjoy the navel-bearing oranges of the Navelina and New Hall varieties.

This season, we enjoy aromatic grapefruits and from their skin we will make a wonderful dessert. We also cut pomegranates and the necessary lemons for our cooking. And do not forget to pick the first avocado fruits with high nutritional value. From the vegetables in our garden, we cut the last cucumbers and zucchini from the late summer planting, as well as large pumpkins. Finally, we remove from the soil in early November the sweet potatoes that we had planted in early summer.

Finally, we pick the first cabbages, cauliflower, turnips and broccoli. From leafy vegetables we have fresh lettuce, spinach, radishes, celery, endives and celery. From the underground bulbs we get beetroot and carrots, that we had planted at the end of the summer.

Improving the soil of our garden

Meaning garden work, is a good time to improve the soil of our garden. Also to prepare the soil for spring planting, by enriching it with nutrients and organic matter. Specifically, we incorporate fresh manure in large quantities. That way we gradually extinguish the winter period, until the beginning of spring and also not to create burns on our plants. The addition of compost will help even more in the enrichment of the soil with nutrients. But also in the improvement of water retention.

An excellent way to improve the soil of our garden in November, to enrich it with nitrogen but also to reduce unwanted weeds (weeds) is to make green fertilizer, ie to plant the appropriate plants that will supply the soil with valuable nutrients. .

Specifically, with the first rains, we can plant legumes such as vetch, broad beans, lithouri, lupine, peas, soybeans, alfalfa and clover as well as grains such as barley, wheat and oats. So, we will be ready to plant our spring vegetable garden there in a fertile soil that will ensure a rich production.

Last fertilizations before winter during garden work

In garden work, we do the last fertilizations with granular fertilizers on the ornamental plants of our garden. Also, on the flowers, on the evergreen ornamental shrubs and trees. We apply similar  liquid fertilizers to the indoor plants that we have inside the house.It should be noted that during the winter, we avoid putting fertilizer on the plants. Due to frost, they can not absorb nutrients.

If the addition of fertilizer causes the growth of new tender vegetation, it can be burned and damaged due to the cold of winter. Avoid applying fertilizer to deciduous fruit shrubs such as bilberry, raspberry and gooseberry. Also to deciduous fruit trees such as apple, pear, fig, fig and peach cultivation. Gradually begin to shed their leaves to enter the dormancy of winter. We avoid fertilizing climbing plants such as vines and bougainvillea and deciduous ornamental trees such as plum and ornamental mulberry.

Planting autumn flowers and bulbs

We continue in the month of November, to get from the nurseries and to plant flowers that bloom in autumn. How about chrysanthemums with their beautiful daisy-shaped flowers or their favorite azaleas with their striking flowers. Also, we can plant cyclamen with the glossy dark green leaves in the shape of a heart and flowers in shades of pink, purple, red and white. And of course the durable pansies that are kept in the winter are an excellent choice for the pots and planters of our balcony.

Also, in garden work, is the season when autumn flower bulbs are planted. And what to choose first? Start with aromatic freesias and hyacinths or prefer impressive irises, amaryllis and virgin. And of course a category alone are the adored tulips that give us their flowering at the end of winter. Autumn bulbs are planted in sunny or semi-shady places. Usually in sheltered places, as their flowers are sensitive to strong winds.

Harvesting the olives to extract olive oil

This is the month for olive harvest, a work that has started in most of the olive-growing areas of the country. The moment when the color of the olive fruit turns green-purple and gradually darkens. Early olive oil, the well-known to all fresh one, has a strong fruity aroma. Due to its high phenol content, it is characterized by strong antioxidant properties. We must point out that the delayed harvest of olives, gives us lower quality olive oil in terms of organoleptic characteristics.

At the same time, it may cause a reduction in the fruiting of olive trees for next year. When harvesting olives, we should avoid pruning and pruning olive trees in rainy weather and high humidity conditions. This should be done as wounds are created on the branches of olive trees. There is a risk of infection by various pathogens such as olive carcinoma. After the olive trees are harvested, we should spray them with organic copper. This preparation is essential for the treatment of various fungal diseases and for the maintenance of healthy olive trees.

Protect the plants for the winter

In November, it’s the right time to prepare for the coming winter. We take measures so that our plants are not destroyed. This means protecting them from the cold, frost, snow and strong winds. We procure in time using special windbreaks and antifreeze fabrics. Also, anything else we could use as material to protect our plants from low temperatures. During this period, we will need support piles to support the young trees, fruitful or not.

We should tie them so as to protect them from the strong winter winds. Finally, we supply seaweed extract from agricultural stores. This is a special biological fertilizer that helps protect plants from frost. The spraying on the foliage of the plants as the watering with algae extract helps significantly in the stimulation of the plants in the unfavorable conditions of the coming winter.

Putting all this tips together and you will manage to keep alive and healthy your garden plants for the autumn. This way you will reduce your efforts next year for beautiful flowers and plants in your home.


Preparing Your House to Look its Best

Are you looking to spruce up your home but aren’t sure where to begin? Well, whether it’s to boost up the resale value of your property or if it’s simply for yourself to enjoy and feel more comfortable, there are certain areas that can enhance your design. At the same time, there are various options […]

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Awarded Best Of Houzz 2021

Coveted annual award highlights home remodeling and design professionals with top ratings and most popular designs among the Houzz community OTTAWA, Canada, January 28, 2021 – To Do Done has won a “Best Of Houzz” award for Customer Service on Houzz®, the leading platform for home renovation and design. The 6 year old, full service […]

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Tips on Preparing Your Home for Flooding

Tips on Preparing Your Home for Flooding

In the celebration of a flood, your house and possessions can be subjected to a variety of sorts and ranges of harm, and in numerous scenarios, homeowners are left with no selection but to look at their property a whole decline. It’s a terrible point to go as a result of and, with the quite a few decades of hardship the Ottawa-Gatineau area has confronted as a final result of devastating floods, we’ve witnessed the battle firsthand. In an age when insurance coverage rates are soaring and the climate outside the house is much more-usually frightful, you are worthy of to be much better guarded. It’s time to come across new ways to safeguard not just your monetary investments in phrases of property and possessions, but it is also dwelling.

And home is in which the heart is. Never allow yours be damaged by mom nature! With that in thoughts, here are some precautionary methods you can just take to better guard yourself and your residence from flood damage.

Inspect and Seal Your Foundation

Floodwater can invariably penetrate properties as a result of their foundations, and in extraordinary scenarios even uproot them by fragmenting and shifting the supplies utilized to hold them jointly. Examine your home’s basis cautiously, and implement mortar and masonry caulk or hydraulic cement to any cracks that have formed. This is a more productive resolution than basically making use of mortar or cement, as it will not crack again and will work to expand and fill openings proficiently. Really don’t forget to arrive at out to the authorities with aid if you want a hand in strengthening your foundation and basement.

Install Sewer or Septic Line Check Valves

Several residences subjected to a flood are regarded a loss because of to health and fitness factors stemming from sewage backing up into standing water inside. Overcome this by setting up examine valves, which be certain that squander can only exit and in no way reenter your property. Check out to have them mounted at a place in the piping exactly where it’s least difficult to obtain for repairs. You can put in them on your possess, but it is significantly less likely that a thing will go improper if you entrust the proficient solutions of a specialist.

sump pump

Continue to keep Your Eavestroughs Crystal clear

The eavestroughs all-around your household perform a very important purpose in safeguarding your basis and roof from water harm, particularly for the duration of flood time. They collect and redirect drinking water absent from the roof and your home. But in the course of the calendar year, the eavestrough system normally will get stuffed with tons of leaves, filth, and other debris which brings about blockages and overflow. To avoid any further risk of drinking water harm to your basement, partitions and ceilings, make guaranteed to have the eavestroughs cleaned out a few situations each and every 12 months, specifically throughout the drop and spring when debris tends to accumulate the most. Also, verify that the downspout is correctly positioned atleast 3 ft away from your property so it can disperse any excess water in direction of the avenue or backyard.

Obvious Storm Drains

Storm drains are equally as crucial for blocking and planning for a flood since they are intended to accumulate all of that runoff from your property. If the storm drain around your dwelling is lined with leaves, all of that drinking water will not have any place to drain out and will get started to accumulate. Which is why we extremely endorse inspecting and clearing absent any particles all over the storm drains that are shut to your residence. Clearing the drain just about every six months or so is usually a very good timeframe for remaining cautious and cutting down the chance of a flood during intense storms or melting period.

Be Strategic with Your Landscape

Your landscape can also support to reduce damage from floods by performing as a buffer. By sloping the ground absent from the residence, it can redirect the h2o circulation toward the street or garden. If your place is very susceptible to flooding and you do not have a properly angled gradient, it’s worth finding it professionally done. Also, be strategic with your backyard by planting species that will lessen soil erosion and take in excess dampness much more effortlessly this sort of as Redosier Dogwood, Winterberry, Virginia Willow, Swamp White Oak, and Colorado Blue Spruce. Some other valuable suggestions include using mulch to protect the soil and keep rainwater, and introducing drainage parts around the landscape.

Keep track of the Weather

A person of the simplest methods to learn flood preparedness is to be informed of the weather conditions. Keep track of the disorders for your spot on a common foundation, especially throughout seasons wherever flooding is a substantial chance, like the tail close of wintertime when the snow begins to melt or during the spring. By staying educated you can be completely ready and just take the essential methods to safeguard your residence and belongings.

Get a Battery-Driven Sump Pump

This is an absolute should if you want to adequately guard your house — it is just as critical as laying down sandbags. The strongest defence against flooding, sump pumps force h2o out of your property without having relying on risky electrical currents operating off a neighborhood grid (which may perhaps be shut down in the celebration of a flood anyway). This will empower you to continually pump drinking water out thanks to becoming battery run, and it is a rather cheap way of shielding on your own in opposition to substantial and commonly uninsurable assets destruction.

Assemble a Flood Kit

On top of that, make confident you just take the time to assemble a flood kit for your house, containing bottled water, non-perishable meals, a comprehensive professional medical package, water resistant flashlights, spare dry clothes, and other requirements. Also be confident to have your smartphone billed, and most likely commit in an external rechargeable battery. Approach and rehearse an escape route, and have crisis contact quantities pre-set on your cellphone for one-contact phone calls.


Defend Pricey Goods

The last issue you want to reduce is one thing that is precious and irreplaceable, and if your family is safe and ready to get absent, why not aim on defending individuals valuables you just can not bear to be without the need of? It’s completely regular to want to defend significant parts of your past such as a favourite childhood instrument, photos, computer systems that contains irreplaceable facts or your hottest challenge this sort of as a novel, and more. Just after all, at the time they’re long gone, there’s no acquiring them back if they’re one-of-a-kind. Hence, high priced items and valuables really should be relocated to the major flooring of your property or transported to a mate or relative’s property that is out of harm’s way. Things this kind of as photographs, musical instruments, electronics, and vital documents ought to be dealt with with the utmost care and placed as far away from the floor flooring of your property as feasible. You never know when a flood is likely to strike for selected, so do this forward of time if the waters start to swell even in the slightest, specifically if you are living in a flood-vulnerable region.

Achieving Out to the Specialists

A different proactive detail to do is to prep your house for the worst, in terms of interior and exterior fixes. Doorframe gaps, home windows with weak seal good quality, cracked foundations and weak structural supports this sort of as columns or basement walls must be addressed by an experienced repair service specialist. If you are wanting to make certain the framework of your residence can face up to all that mother character has to toss at it, access out to us at To Do-Carried out! We go over not only handyman services but also renovations that could prove to be handy on their own in the celebration of a flood. From doorway and window fixes to exterior carpentry and repairs, we have got you covered.

A flood doesn’t imply a full disaster if you adequately prepare and system for it. Investing in protective attributes and machines, appropriately maintaining your dwelling, and making sure the security of your beloved kinds and valuables will make it a far more bearable and less damaging working experience. If you need help with getting ready for flooding, don’t be reluctant to call To Do-Done for a absolutely free estimate and to ask for our qualified handyman and renovation products and services.

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